Get the latest news and updates from Animal Equality

Buffaloes living in filthy conditions for mozzarella cheese


Animal Equality’s most recent investigation in Italy has revealed the horrors of buffalo mozzarella production.

Throughout this month, Animal Equality has been challenging the dairy industry’s ‘Februdairy’ campaign with powerful billboard ads which are reaching millions of people across the UK. But it’s not just cows who suffer in this cruel industry. Milk from other animals, such as sheep, goats and water buffaloes, is often used to make dairy products too.

‘Mozzarella di Bufala Campana PDO (Protected Designation of Origin)’ is an exclusive, luxury product produced from the milk of water buffaloes specifically farmed in the Italian region of Campania. Porcelain white in colour, buffalo mozzarella is often marketed as clean, fresh and healthy, but this couldn’t be further from the rancid conditions that our undercover investigators filmed in farms producing milk to make this cheese.

Along with Four Paws International, we found buffaloes being kept in filthy and unsanitary conditions, their fur encrusted with mud and faeces. Several animals were suffering as a result of severe neglect; many buffaloes had extremely overgrown hooves causing lameness, and several had raw, open wounds. We also filmed rotting, fly-ridden dead bodies in pens alongside living buffaloes.

Like males across the entire dairy industry, young male buffaloes are considered worthless as they don’t produce milk. Thousands are killed every year, often abandoned and left to die of hunger and thirst. Shockingly, our investigators even found buffalo bones and other remains in fields next to the farms we investigated.

As well as causing extreme suffering to animals, buffalo mozzarella production also has harmful environmental impacts. We documented cases of disastrous spills of untreated waste and sewage directly into nearby waterways. 

Whether in Italy, the UK, or elsewhere, the dairy industry treats these gentle animals as nothing more than money-making machines. The good news is that there’s never been an easier time to make the switch to plant-based options, which are not only delicious but also cruelty-free and more environmentally sustainable too! Get started today:

Latest News


The Brazilian Senate recently passed a Bill that hands over all Government inspections inside farms and slaughterhouses to the animal agriculture industry, which will be then allowed to self-regulate. Animal Equality Brazil has launched an investigation inside the country’s slaughterhouses alongside a national petition to stop the Self-Control Bill.

After learning about the realities of dairy farming, the award-winning actress is calling for plant-based alternatives to be subsidised and financial incentives for arable farming.

The animals died trapped inside a ship carrying them to Saudi Arabia, which sank a few minutes after setting sail.